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10 Steps To Buying A Home

Mortgage Terms

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10 Steps to Buying A Home

1. Determine how much you can afford.

A mortgage is amortized over a period of years. This amortization period is the length of time it takes to pay off the mortgage in full. The usual amortization period is 25 years, however, this can be accelerated to pay off the mortgage more quickly or in some cases can be stretched to 40 years to reduce the monthly payment..

2. Team up with a real estate agent.

Finding a real estate agent to help you search for your dream home is important to the home buying process. The best real estate agent will be a combination of a personal advisor, consultant, and negotiator. This expert will show you homes that match your criteria, guide you through the home buying process, and negotiate the best possible price for your home.

3. Make an offer.

When you’ve found a place that you’d like to call your own, your real estate agent will help you draw up an Offer to Purchase to present to the seller. This legal document specifies the price, the closing date, and any conditions.

4. Retain a lawyer.

It’s important to hire a lawyer who specializes in real estate. You could find yourself in a bidding war for the home you want, and you may want a lawyer to look over any offer to purchase before you submit.

5. Arrange the home inspection.

Many buyers consider including a home inspection as one of the conditions on their Offer to Purchase. A professional inspection is a good way to uncover major problems with the home. If the home doesn’t pass the inspection, you can adjust or withdraw your conditional offer.

6. Get the mortgage approved.

A contract between a borrower and a lender, where the borrower pledges a property to a creditor as security for the payment of a debt. “Charge” is another word for mortgage.

7. Get property insurance.

Apart from the mortgage, you’ll need to purchase property insurance that protects your home against fire and other damages. Once you have a policy in place, forward a copy to your lawyer.

8. Check the legal details.

With the deal finalized and the financing in place, your lawyer can now search the title and check whether there are any unpaid property taxes outstanding. Your lawyer will arrange for a survey to be completed, if necessary.

9. Complete the paperwork.

A few days before the deal is set to close, you’ll meet with your lawyer to review, sign, and get copies of all the documentation. At this time, you’ll also provide the remainder of your down payment and pay legal fees and any additional costs, such as prepaid utility expenses for which the seller should be reimbursed, that are due on closing.

10. Pick up the keys.

On the closing day, your lawyer and the seller’s lawyer will exchange documents and cheques. Your lawyer will also register your new home in your name. When these tasks are complete, you’ll get the deed and your keys to your new home, and you can move in.

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Mortgage Terms

Amortization

A mortgage is amortized over a period of years. This amortization period is the length of time it takes to pay off the mortgage in full. The usual amortization period is 25 years, however, this can be accelerated to pay off the mortgage more quickly or in some cases can be stretched to 40 years to reduce the monthly payment..

Assumable

Some mortgages are assumable with qualification. This means that should you sell your house before the term of the mortgage is completed, the purchaser can take over your mortgage if they qualify. This allows you to avoid paying a penalty to break your mortgage.

Blend & Increase

The ability to increase your existing mortgage or the term of the mortgage, with only the increased amount or term at todays interest rate. The interest rate for the existing mortgage is combined or blended with the interest rate of the increased amount. This is advantageous if you have a good rate on your existing mortgage or if you want to avoid a penalty to pay out an existing mortgage

Discharge

For reasons, planned or unplanned, the borrower may need to sell before the end of the mortgage term. Discharge fees vary widely between lenders which may result in thousands of dollars in penalties. Worse yet, if the discharge policy is “No Discharge”, the borrower may be locked in for the entire term of the mortgage.

Early Pay-out Penalty

Many people don?t think about breaking their mortgage when they are in the midst of arranging it, however, this possibility cannot be overlooked. An individual?s circumstances can change ? transfer of employment, marriage breakdown, etc. Some mortgages are fully closed and cannot be broken under any circumstance. Other mortgages have a sales clause allowing for early payout of the mortgage upon an arms-length sale of the property, subject to a penalty (for example, three months interest). Some mortgages allow the borrower to break the mortgage, for any reason, upon payment of a penalty. Interest Adjustment Date: This may apply to mortgages that close on any day other than the requested day of payment. For instances: since some lenders want monthly payments to be made on the first day of the month, they will adjust the interest due on closing so that interest on your mortgage is paid up until the first of the coming month. If you close on the 20th of the month (and the month has 30 days), you will have to pay interest for 10 days so that you are paid up until the first of the coming month. Then your first full mortgage payment will be due on the first of the following month.

Interest Rate

The rate of interest is a key consideration when arranging your mortgage. The interest is the payment to the lender for the use of the mortgage money. The interest rate can be fixed (where the rate remains constant for the term) or floating (where the rate changes at regular intervals). Short term or convertible terms usually have lower interest rates and can be used to a borrower’s advantage in an unstable market. These mortgages allow you to ride out a
fluctuating or falling rate market until rates reach a level where you wish to “lock- in” to a longer term. On the other hand, long term rates offer stability and eliminate the need to monitor rates daily.

Interim Financing

When the purchase of your new home closes in 60 days but the sale of your current home closes in 90 days, you will need interim or bridge financing. This is because for 30 days, you will own both properties, and of course, not receive the equity out of your old property. If the lender you choose cannot provide you with interim financing, you may find getting it from other lenders will be very expensive.

Mortgage

A contract between a borrower and a lender, where the borrower pledges a property to a creditor as security for the payment of a debt. “Charge” is another word for mortgage.

Mortgage Life Insurance

Life insurance that pays off the balance of the mortgage in the case of the borrowers death (i.e., if a spouse dies, the remaining spouse would not have to worry about mortgage payments ? it would be paid in full). The monthly cost of getting this insurance through the lender is typically less costly than similar coverage obtained directly from an
insurance company.

Payment frequency options

You will often have the choice of making payments on your mortgage on a monthly, semi-monthly, bi-weekly or weekly basis. Increasing the payment frequency, i.e., bi-weekly instead of monthly, can shorten the amortization of your mortgage and save you a considerable amount of interest. By law, all mortgages in Ontario are registered as having monthly payments. Any change to this is done by an amendment to the mortgage. This amendment is a privilege and can be revoked in the event of failure to make payments.

Prepayment Privileges

These prepayment privileges allow you to make extra lump sum payments, double your payments or increase your regular payments. Prepayment privileges vary from lender to lender. If you want to be able to pay your mortgage off quickly, check the flexibility of your prepayment privileges. Portable: If you have a good mortgage rate and a number of years remaining on your term, you may want to take your mortgage with you to a new home when
you move. This can be done if the mortgage is portable. The property you are moving to will have to be reviewed and approved by the lender before you can “move” the mortgage to the new property.

Rate Guarantee

The period of time, prior to closing of your house purchase (“the completion date”) that a lender will guarantee that the interest rate they have offered will not rise. This is usually for a period between 60 and 90 days – although longer rate holds are available under special conditions. The commitment letter will also state under what conditions (if any) that they will decrease the interest rate if and when rates in general drop prior to your
completion date.

Standard mortgage fees

All mortgages have standard fees associated with them such as renewal fees, discharge fees, NSF fees, etc., These vary from lender to lender and should be considered.

Tax holdback

When property taxes are included with your mortgage payments, your lender will hold back funds from your mortgage proceeds to cover interim or final property taxes payable to the municipality. The amount depends on the month the mortgage was funded and on the dates when interim and final taxes are due. Holdbacks are used to pay for the current year?s taxes, while your monthly tax installments are accumulated in the account to pay for the next year’s taxes.

Term

This is the period of time that the interest rate and the loan is contracted for. Terms can vary from 3 months to 25 years.

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